1450: The "Mad Queen"
As players toyed around with different variations of chess, some wanted to make the game faster and more exciting. One particular tweak to the rules proved to be dramatically more enjoyable - the "mad queen"! The Italians called it "scacchi alla rabiosa", in France it was named "ésches de la dame enragée", and "axedrez de la dame" in Spain. The queen, who originally moved 1 square diagonally, transformed into the dangerous and agile piece she is today with combined bishop+rook movements.